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Essential Oils Guide With Essential Oil Profiles

Image of essential oil bottles and plants with the words Essential Oils Guide

Welcome to my essential oils guide with profiles of more than 100 essential oils. If you want to skip the preliminary information, click here for the list of essential oil profiles.

What Are Essential Oils?

Essential oils are highly concentrated liquids extracted from plants. For the plants, the oils serve purposes such as helping the plant thrive and protecting it from the environment.

The word "essential" doesn't mean necessary or required for humans. "Essential" comes from the poetic way of thinking about the "essence" or "life force" of a plant.

Don't confuse essential oils with infused or macerated oils. These oils are vegetable oils with the fragrance of a plant infused into the oil by soaking the plant material in the oil. Infused oils can make good aromatherapy carrier oils.

Making Essential Oils

The most common way to produce essential oils is by steam distilling plant material. A steam distiller has a chamber that holds raw plant material. When steam flows into the chamber, small sacs on the plant open and release the plant oils. The steam and oil move from the chamber into a chilled condenser, which turns the steam into water. The essential oil and water are separated. The water, called a hydrosol, contains some of the plant essence and also has uses in aromatherapy.

Another process less often used to make essential oils used in aromatherapy is hydrodistillation — the plant material is boiled in water, the resulting steam is cooled, and then the water and essential oil are separated.

The other process for making essential oils is expression (also called cold pressing, though that's a technically inaccurate term — it should be cold expressing). It is used primarily to produce citrus oils, where oil is squeezed from the peel.

Solvent Extraction – Absolutes

Some oils, such as jasmine and benzoin, used in aromatherapy aren't technically essential oils but are absolutes. These oils are extracted from plant material using a solvent in a process that produces what is called a concrete. The concrete is then further processed to make an absolute oil.

Another way to make absolutes is enfleurage, which involves placing plant material into solid, odorless fats at room temperature to capture the fragrant compounds. The fat is separated from the plant oils using alcohol. Enfleurage is rare today but was the standard method of producing oils in ancient times.

Carbon Dioxide Extraction

Carbon dioxide (CO2) extraction is a newer process that involves using liquid CO2 as a solvent to extract oils from plants. These products differ in chemistry from distilled essential oils.

Essential Oils Guide

  1. Agarwood Essential Oil
  2. Allspice Essential Oil (pimento berry)
  3. Angelica Essential Oil
  4. Anise Essential Oil
  5. Balsam Fir Essential Oil
  6. Basil Essential Oil
  7. Bay Laurel Essential Oil
  8. Bay Essential Oil (West Indian)
  9. Bergamot Essential Oil
  10. Bergamot Mint Essential Oil
  11. Benzoin Oil
  12. Betel Leaf Essential Oil
  13. Birch Essential Oil
  14. Black Pepper Essential Oil
  15. Black Spruce Essential Oil
  16. Blue Tansy Essential Oil
  17. Cajeput Essential Oil
  18. Calamus Essential Oil
  19. Calendula Oil
  20. Camphor Essential Oil
  21. Cannabis Essential Oil
  22. Caraway Essential Oil
  23. Cardamom Essential Oil
  24. Carrot Seed Essential Oil
  25. Cassia Essential Oil
  26. Catnip Essential Oil
  27. Cedarwood Essential Oil
  28. Celery Seed Essential Oil
  29. Chamomile: German Chamomile Essential Oil and Roman Chamomile Essential Oil and Moroccan Chamomile Essential Oil
  30. Cinnamon Essential Oil
  31. Cistus Essential Oil
  32. Citronella Essential Oil
  33. Clary Sage Essential Oil
  34. Clove Essential Oil
  35. Coffee Essential Oil
  36. Copaiba Essential Oil
  37. Coriander Essential Oil
  38. Cornmint Essential Oil
  39. Cumin Essential Oil
  40. Cypress Essential Oil
  41. Davana Essential Oil
  42. Dill Essential Oil
  43. Elemi Essential Oil
  44. Eucalyptus Essential Oil
  45. Fennel Essential Oil
  46. Fir Essential Oils
  47. Frankincense Essential Oil
  48. Galbanum Essential Oil
  49. Galangal Essential Oil
  50. Geranium Essential Oil
  51. Ginger Essential Oil
  52. Goldenrod Essential Oil
  53. Grapefruit Essential Oil
  54. Helichrysum Essential Oil
  55. Hinoki Essential Oil
  56. Ho Wood Essential Oil
  57. Hyssop Essential Oil
  58. Jasmine Oil
  59. Juniper Essential Oil
  60. Kaffir Lime Essential Oil (Combava)
  61. Kanuka Essential Oil
  62. Kunzea Essential Oil
  63. Lavandin Essential Oil
  64. Lavender Essential Oil
  65. Ledum Essential Oil
  66. Lemon Essential Oil
  67. Lemon Myrtle Essential Oil
  68. Lemon Tea Tree Essential Oil
  69. Lemon Verbena Essential Oil
  70. Lemongrass Essential Oil
  71. Lime Essential Oil
  72. Mandarin Essential Oil
  73. Manuka Essential Oil
  74. Marjoram Essential Oil
  75. Massoia Bark Essential Oil
  76. May Chang Essential Oil
  77. Melissa Essential Oil
  78. Mimosa Absolute
  79. Myrrh Essential Oil
  80. Myrtle Essential Oil
  81. Neroli Essential Oil
  82. Niaouli Essential Oil
  83. Nutmeg Essential Oil
  84. Ocotea Essential Oil
  85. Orange: Sweet Orange Essential Oil and Bitter Orange Essential Oil
  86. Oregano Essential Oil
  87. Palmarosa Essential Oil
  88. Palo Santo Essential Oil
  89. Patchouli Essential Oil
  90. Peppermint Essential Oil
  91. Peru Balsam Essential Oil
  92. Petitgrain Essential Oil
  93. Pine Essential Oil
  94. Plai Essential Oil
  95. Ravensara Essential Oil
  96. Ravintsara Essential Oil
  97. Rose Essential Oil
  98. Rosemary Essential Oil
  99. Rosewood Essential Oil
  100. Sage Essential Oil
  101. Sandalwood Essential Oil
  102. Spearmint Essential Oil
  103. Spike Lavender Essential Oil
  104. Spikenard Essential Oil
  105. Tangerine Essential Oil
  106. Tarragon Essential Oil
  107. Tea Tree Essential Oil
  108. Thyme Essential Oil
  109. Turmeric Essential Oil
  110. Valerian Essential Oil
  111. Vanilla in Aromatherapy
  112. Vetiver Essential Oil
  113. Wintergreen Essential Oil
  114. Yarrow Essential Oil
  115. Ylang Ylang Essential Oil
  116. Yuzu Essential Oil

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