Geranium essential oil "signifies the archetypal energy of goddess culture, and encompasses the energy of the feminine," writes aromatherapist Valerie Ann Worwood in Aromatherapy For the Soul.
Worwood goes on to say the emotional benefits of geranium essential oil (Pelargonium graveolens or Pelargonium x asperum) are to encourage solace, regeneration, adjustment, balance, tranquility, and steadiness.
You may also hear of an oil called rose geranium — it is a variation of the geranium plant, Pelargonium graveolens var. roseum or Pelargonium roseum. The properties of geranium and rose geranium are mostly the same. The difference is rose geranium has a scent that smells more like roses. There are more than 250 species of geranium. For a detailed discussion of species used in aromatherapy, see this article.
Plant family: Geraniaceae
Production: Steam distilled from the leaves of the plant. An absolute is also available and commonly used in perfumes. Learn about the history and cultivation of geranium oil.
Aroma: Combination of rose, citrus, and herb.
Perfume/Aromatic note: Middle
Is geranium safe to use during pregnancy? Yes, in low dilutions to freshen rooms and after six months for skin application, according to Aromatherapy and Massage For Mother and Baby.
Is geranium essential oil safe for children? Yes, but do not use on babies.
Main components: Essential Oil Safety, 2nd Edition, lists components for four varieties of geranium: Chinese, Egyptian, Moroccan, and Reunion. The main components for all four are citroneliol, geraniol, and citonellyl formate, in varying amounts, with a range of other constituents depending on the variety.
Aromatherapy: A Complete Guide to the Healing Art: Geranium is a balancing agent for many conditions. The scent may help regulate blood pressure. This essential oil is useful for relieving PMS, menstrual irregularities, menopausal symptoms, and fluid retention. In skin care, the oil balances all hair and skin types and helps relieve many skin conditions. Emotionally, the scent may help reduce anxiety, depression, irrational behavior, and stress-related headaches.
The Heart of Aromatherapy: Geranium is useful for daily skin care, rejuvenating damaged skin, calming inflammation, and feeling relaxed and uplifted.
The Complete Book of Essential Oils and Aromatherapy: Geranium may help relieve female reproductive disorders, menstrual cramps, varicose veins, depression, fatigue, emotional crisis, and stress-related conditions.
The Encyclopedia of Essential Oils (updated edition): Geranium is good for skin care, improving circulation, relieving sore throat, relieving PMS and menopausal symptoms, and reducing nervous tension and stress-related conditions.
Aromatherapy For Healing the Spirit: In Traditional Chinese Medicine geranium is one of the few essential oils considered cool and moist in energy. The oil clears heat and information, relaxes the nerves, calms anxiety, and can strengthen Qi-energy and encourage the circulation of Qi and blood. Conditions geranium may help relieve include psoriasis, eczema, acne, athletes foot, nerve and joint pain, hemorrhoids, varicose veins, excessive menstrual bleeding, and symptoms associated with menopause.
Aromatica: A Clinical Guide to Essential Oil Therapeutics, Volume I: Psychologically, geranium promotes emotional security, inner strength, emotional stability, and calm. Physically, the oil regulates, decongests, and relaxes. In Traditional Chinese Medicine the essential function of geranium is to nourish and invigorate the Blood, strengthen the Spleen, and harmonize the Shen.
The Essential Guide to Aromatherapy and Vibrational Healing: Spiritually, geranium is beneficial for personal transformation and keeps away negative energy. Mentally, the essential oil helps you focus and calms your mind. Emotionally, the oil helps you rebalance yourself when hormones are running amok.
Aromatherapy and Subtle Energy Techniques: Geranium has a nurturing quality that helps calms and balance the emotions. Especially useful for the second chakra.
Aromatica suggests the following blends:
Put a few drops of this blend into your aromatherapy diffuser.
Source: Astrological Aromatherapy Guide
Gently massage a little of this blend onto your face every night.
Adapted from Rocky Mountain Oils
Use this blend as a body wash.
Add ingredients to a small bowl and stir gently until smooth. Pour into bottle. Makes 30 washes.
Source: Essential Oil DIY Recipes by Dr. Axe
Here's a bath blend designed to relieve menopausal stress:
Caution: Do not use during pregnancy.
Source: Elizabeth Ashley, "Menopausal Personality Changes and Anxiety," NAHA Aromatherapy E-Journal, Autumn 2016.3, p. 49.